Financial support is intended to meet the urgent and specific financial needs of primary and family victims. Financial support is composed of financial assistance for immediate needs and economic loss, and funeral expenses, as illustrated in the diagram below:
Financial assistance for immediate needs is available up to $5000 of financial assistance for immediate needs is available to a primary or family victim of an act of violence.
As well as relating to a specific expense, an approval of immediate needs must meet the following criteria. The expense must be: As a direct result of the act of violence, for treatment or other measures that need to be taken urgently to secure the victims safety, health or wellbeing.
Examples of the types of expense that may be approved as an immediate need include medical expenses, home security upgrades and urgent relocation costs. In addition to the application form, the evidence required to establish an entitlement to immediate needs includes documentary evidence, such as a medical or police report that is sufficient to support the claim.
It should also be noted that strict time limits apply to claims for financial assistance for immediate needs (s 40). Where expenses exceed the immediate needs cap of $5000, certain expenses can be considered as financial assistance for economic loss. Access to immediate needs is also available to third parties incurring expenses in relation to the aftermath of a homicide.
Financial assistance for economic loss is available to primary victims and parents, step-parents or guardians caring for a primary victim aged under 18. Financial assistance for economic loss is also available to family victims for justice related expenses only. Like financial assistance for immediate needs, approval of financial assistance for economic loss requires a specific loss or expense that is a direct result of the act of violence. The loss must also be of a kind described in the Regulation, outlined in the table below. The Regulation also sets individual caps for each type of loss, with an overall limit of $30,000 for each eligible victim.
The table below outlines the types of loss for which support is available, caps for each type, and eligible victims:
Reduced earnings from an actual rather than potential source must be established. The amount of assistance that can be approved is then calculated with reference to clause 7 of the Regulation.
Parent, stepparent or guardian caring for a primary victim aged under 18
Up to $20000
Available if loss of actual earnings cannot be demonstrated.
For expenses associated with criminal or coronial proceedings, including making statements.
Restricted to items worn or carried by the primary victim at the time of the act of violence.
In certain circumstances, the support available to family victims in association with a homicide is also available to persons other than family victims. For approval, the expense must directly relate to the funeral of a homicide victim, or the cleaning of property associated with a homicide crime scene. Full particulars of the expense claimed must be provided. The payment is drawn from the pool of funds set aside for an eligible family victim.